From the wooden rabab (see Afghan rabab). A well-known sarod player is Ali Akhbar Khan.

The body and neck are made of one piece of hardwood, hollowed out (it is more rounded and less deep than the Afghan rabab). The bottom half of the instrument is covered with (glued) skin and the top half (with the neck) is covered with a (screwed on) shiny metal plate. Between the neck and body are hollow ridges on both sides. The peg box is a solid piece of wood, joined to the neck and curved slightly to the back. On the back of the neck is a metal gourd-shaped resonator. All wood is dark-brown painted.

There are 23 metal strings, divided into 4 main strings, running from 4 big round friction tuning pegs on the left of the peg box, over the main nut to the right side of the single main bridge on the skin. Then 4 thin strings run from the 4 pegs on the left side of the pegbox, over a flat separate nut, to the left side of the bridge, where they go through separate holes. The shikari strings (used for rhythmic effect) run from 2 pegs on the top of the neck, via a special nut half way the neck to the top of the bridge, on the left side. On the left side of the body are 13 smaller pegs (in 2 rows) from where the resonance strings run via small holes in the fretboard, to the lowest level of holes on the left side of the bridge. All strings are fixed to 8 steel pins at the edge of the body.

Playing the sarod is done with a special thick plectrum made of coconut. The music is similar to the music played on the sitar, with ragas which are handed down from master player to the pupil. The left hand fingers the string with the edge of the nail (of the first two fingers). Often players glue artificial nails to their own nails.


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