rageineden

Instruments

Kanun

Kanun

The Qanun (Persian: qānūn ; Greek: κανονάκι, plural κανονάκια; Armenian: k’anon; Arabic: qānūn, plural qawānīn; Azerbaijani and Turkish: kanun; qanún or kanun) is a string instrument found in the 10th century in Farab in Turkestan. The name derives from the Arabic word "kanun," which means ‘to rule’, and also "to mode." Its traditional music is based on Maqamat. It is essentially a zither with a narrow trapezoidal soundboard. Nylon or PVC strings are stretched over a single bridge poised on fish-skins on one end, attached to tuning pegs at the other end. The kanun, especially in the ancient Greek times was known as the psaltery. Kanuns used in Turkey have 26 courses of strings, with three strings per course. It is played on the lap by plucking the strings with two tortoise-shell picks, one in each hand, or by the fingernails, and has a range of three and a half octaves, from A2 to E6.

While Armenian kanuns employ half-tones and Arabic kanuns quarter-tones, typical Turkish kanuns divide the equal-tempered semitone of 100 cents into 6 equal parts, yielding 72 equal divisions (or commas) of the octave. Not all pitches of the 72-tone equal temperament are available on the Turkish kanun, however, since kanun makers only affix mandals for intervals that are demanded by performers. Some kanun makers choose to divide the semitone of the lower registers into 7 parts instead of microtonal subtlety at the expense of octave equivalences. Hundreds of mandal configurations are at the player's disposal when performing on an ordinary Turkish kanun.

The kanun is a descendant of the old Egyptian harp, and is related to the ancient Greek psaltery, dulcimer and zither.

The kanun which Tomasz plays is Armenian kanun.

 
 

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Upcoming show


26/09/15
19:00 | Barwy Ziemi - Indie (MDK Bogucice)
Katowice

29/06/14
12:00 | Piknik Archeologiczny (Park Nauki i Ewolucji)
Krasiejów (OPOLE)

10/05/14
19:00 | Teatr KOREZ (konkrETNO)
Katowice

09/02/14
18:00 | Klub REMEDIUM (Psychofreski)
Sosnowiec

07/09/13
20:00 | Rynek (Święto Wina)
Środa Śląska

18/08/13
18:00 | Reggaenwalde
Darłowo